Several employee groups have low social security: they often do not have paid sick leave and are paid per shift. These people also come into contact with others more quickly, which increases the risk of infection.
- June 2021 - The National Human Rights Commission reports that police and other security forces in Nigeria killed 11 people in the enforcement of the COVID-19 lockdown and violated human rights, including through unlawful arrests and torture.
- March 31 - Delivery couriers affected by COVID-19 in the UK receive little or no statutory sickness benefit, which could encourage workers to continue working in order to make a financial living. This puts workers' health and safety at risk.
- March 27 - Workers in the service sector, such as parcel delivery workers and cleaners, are particularly affected by COVID-19 in the United States. They often do not have paid sick leave and are paid for the number of orders or attendance, which makes their work vulnerable. They also come into frequent contact with people, which increases the risk of infection.
- March 17 - French distribution centre employees who use their 'right to refuse' because their workplace does not offer sufficient safety in the COVID-19 crisis, do not receive pay from their employer.